Sehr interessante Übersicht über die verschiedenen Standards und Regularien beim Autonomen Fahren. Lesenswert!
There are some common misconceptions about the levels of vehicle automation. The levels are numbered and therefore describe a sequence. No, not necessarily. While traditional manufacturers of personally owned vehicles have gradually increased the level (i.e., level 0 with the invention of the modern automobile through the Benz Motorwagen, ACC in the 1990s at the first L1 system, Mercedes' Distronic Plus with Steering Assist (traffic jam assist) in the Mercedes-Benz S-Class in 2013 as the first level 2 system (yes, Tesla did not invent level 2 systems), Audi's A8 in 2017 with Traffic Jam Pilot as the first L3 system (although that never became available in the US), Google jumped directly to developing L4 systems. L3 systems, in which the human is required to execute the fallback performance of the dynamic driving task, are insanely dangerous. No, not necessarily. This is based on the incorrect assumption that an L3 system would drive with the 65mph on the freeway, then beep to request driver takeover, then—in the event the driver does not take over— give up and let the vehicle steer off the road. Obviously, in practice, any reasonable manufacturer would not build such a system—which would likely be subject to product liability—but rather build in a risk mitigation strategy if the driver does not take over, e.g. not allow activation at higher velocities or turn on the emergency signal and stop the vehicle in the lane in case the driver does not respond to a takeover request. On the other hand, manufacturers might also skip level 3 because of the resulting system complexity, cost, and lack of tangible user benefit.Isn't that then an L4 system? No, an L4 system needs to be able to lead the vehicle into a risk minimal state, e.g., by parking the vehicle on the shoulder of the road instead of in the lane of traffic. L4 vehicles will take forever to be ready. No, in fact, we already have self-driving vehicles today in limited ODDs (operational design domains), in certain cities running driverless shuttles, or in Phoenix. Tesla sells Autopilot with Full Self-Driving Capability. It must be level 4. Unfortunately not. It's a Level 2 driver assistance system, as stated in the fine print: "Autopilot is an advanced driver assistance system that enhances safety and convenience behind the wheel."