Interessanter Artikel warum Stufe 3, die gefährlichste Entwicklungsstufe beim Autonomen Fahren ist.
Self-driving cars will probably save a lot of lives in the future. But right now, the tech is new, and most of it requires human intervention. Experts refer to several levels, 1 through 5, of automation in cars. A 5th level car would have no steering wheel or gas pedal. Several cars on the market now fit into the middle category; requiring human intervention with some autonomous features. Marketplace Tech host Molly Wood spoke with Missy Cummings, director of the Humans and Autonomy Lab at Duke University, about the risks of having humans only partly in control. The following is an edited transcript of their conversation. Missy Cummings: Well I think that one of the problems with these levels are that they seem linear and that we should go in order: No. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. But the reality is there are really two different paths. There's the 1, 2, 3 path, and then there's the 1, 2, 4, 5 path. And the reason that this is an issue is because level 3 which is where the automation is partially capable but not fully capable, and we have to have that in the cases where the cars can't perform under all conditions, then the car hands over control back to the human. And this is the deadliest phase. In fact, I'm pretty much against level 3. I don't think it should exist at all. Because one thing I know as a former fighter pilot is having a human step inside the control loop at the last possible minute is a guaranteed disaster.Molly Wood: And yet we see car makers going there. In fact, I think we arguably see Tesla pushing that on consumers. Does it make drivers part of a living R&D lab on city streets?Cummings: Well I think there are two issues here. No. 1, should we have cars that have to ask for human intervention at time-critical periods? That answer is no. But there’s a separate issue of should we allow car makers to use the American public as guinea pigs to test out these new technologies. And I also think that that answer is no.